Statistics on Poverty in Latin America

Content

1. Absolute poverty
2. Income inequality

1. Absolute poverty

These are the World Bank figures (according to the internationally comparable $1 a day threshold):

poverty in latin america

(source)

Since 1995, poverty defined as income less than $2.50 PPP a day (a regional standard) has been cut in half – from 26% to less than 13%. That is still 80 million people, half of them in Brazil and Mexico (source).

photo

“Indigent” in the following graphs means inability to meet nutritional needs, on a country-by-country basis:

poverty in latin america

(source, click image to enlarge)

barcena1

(source)

Poverty in the chart below means below national poverty lines:

poverty in Latin America

(source)
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2. Income inequality

While income inequality has risen in most parts of the world, the one big exception to the general upward trend is Latin America, long the world’s most unequal continent. Gini coefficients in most Latin American countries have fallen sharply over the past ten years (source).

Some data:

econ growth and inequality in latin america

cord_fig4

(source)

evolution of gini

(source)

latin america's income inequality

(source)

inequality in latin america

(source)

Another graph, comparing income inequality in Latin American countries between 1990 and 2008 – countries below the diagonal have less inequality now, and the higher on the graph the more unequal the country is now compared to others:

Latin America inequality 1990-2008

(source)

income inequality in latin america

Gini Latin America

(source)
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3 Comments

  1. interesting stats. however i need a defination of “poverty”
    I have recently come to chile to work and after 9 months it look like a whole lot more than 12% poverty to me

  2. Pingback: Income Inequality (31): The Strange Case of the Rising Middle and the Hollowing Out of the Center | P.a.p.-Blog // Human Rights Etc.

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