Statistics on Poverty in Brazil

Like China and India and many other countries, Brazil as well has had enormous successes in the struggle against poverty. Between 2000 and now, 35 millions Brazilians – in a total of about 200 million – have escaped from poverty (source). 16 million, or 8% – still live in poverty. (These numbers are according to the World Bank poverty threshold). Brazil created around 18 million new jobs in the last decade. Also in the last 10 years, the country slashed child malnutrition by 61% & rural poverty by 15%.

poverty in brazil

(source)

poverty reduction in China, India and Brazil

(source)

Brazil also has it’s own, national poverty line, as well as a notion of extreme poverty. The extreme poverty line is an estimate of the value of a food basket with minimum calories required to adequately support a person, based on recommendations by the International Labor Organization (ILO). The poverty line, in turn, is an estimate of the value of two food baskets with minimum calories required to adequately support a person, based on the recommendations of the ILO:

poverty in brazil

(source)

Two important reasons for these reductions in the poverty rates in Brazil are economic growth and government welfare:

Figure1-1

(source)

Unlike China for instance, Brazil has managed to reduce poverty without increasing inequality, even though inequality is still higher than in China:

BpibQhpCEAA04o0

(source)

The Brazilian Gini index fell from 0.61 in 1999 to 0.58 in 2003 and to 0.53 in 2012.

poverty in Brazil

(source, the poverty line in this graph is the national one, not the $1 dollar a day line)

The graph above, by the way, again suggests that there’s a correlation between economic growth and poverty reduction.

Here’s an overview for Latin America (poverty here means below national poverty lines):

poverty in Latin America

(source)

5 thoughts on “Statistics on Poverty in Brazil

  1. Pingback: 35 Million Escape Poverty – But Can Brazil Overcome Inequality? · Global Voices

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