There’s a clear correlation between poverty and discrimination:
The causal link probably goes in both ways:
- Discrimination of women means the partial exclusion of half of the population from the economy, and hence reduces growth and development.
- But a lack of wealth and prosperity may also help to solidify traditional prejudices against women. We see that in poor societies, literacy levels and school enrollment levels are heavily gender biased (these two indicators are not directly included in the GID index):