One of the so-called Millennium Development Goals is to reduce child mortality. Currently, in the developing world, about 85 children out of every 1.000 do not live beyond their 5th birthday. In Africa, this is even 160 children. The goal is to bring this down to about 35 children in the developing world, and about 60 in Africa, in 2015.
However, the latest measurements show that this target is out of reach; at least, the current rates of decline aren’t enough to reach the goal by 2015: